Sunday, June 30, 2013
Saturday, June 29, 2013
After attending Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, for one year, Buford was accepted into the Class of 1848 at the United States Military Academy (West Point). Upperclassman during Buford's time at West Point included Fitz-John Porter (Class of 1845), George B. McClellan (1846), Thomas J. Jackson (1846), George Pickett (1846), and two future commanders and friends, George Stoneman (1846) and Ambrose Burnside (1847). Buford graduated 16th of 38 cadets and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Dragoons, transferring the next year to the 2nd U.S. Dragoons. He served in Texas and against the Sioux, served on peacekeeping duty in Bleeding Kansas, and in the Utah War in 1858. He was stationed at Fort Crittenden, Utah, from 1859 to 1861. He studied the works of General John Watts de Peyster, who urged that the skirmish line become the new line of battle.
Throughout 1860, Buford and his fellow soldiers had lived with talk of secession and the possibility of civil war, and when the Pony Express brought word that Fort Sumter had been fired on in April 1861, that possibility became a reality. As was the case with many West Pointers, Buford had to choose between North and South. Based on his background, Buford had ample reason to join the Confederacy. He was a native Kentuckian, the son of a slave-owning father, and the husband of a woman whose relatives would fight for the South, as would a number of his own. On the other hand, Buford had been educated in the North and come to maturity within the Army. His two most influential professional role models, Colonels Harney and Cooke, were Southerners who elected to remain with the Union and the U.S. Army. He loved his profession and his time on the frontier had snapped a number of threads that drew other Southerners home.
John Gibbon, a North Carolinian facing the same dilemma, recalled the evening that John Buford committed himself to the Union:
130 years latter he will be portrayed in a movie about Gettysburg by veteran western actor Sam Elliot.One night after the arrival of the mail we were in his (Buford's) room, when Buford said in his slow and deliberate way "I got a letter from the Governor of Kentucky. He sent me word to come to Kentucky at once and I shall have anything I want." With a good deal of anxiety, I (Gibbon) asked "What did you answer, John?" And my relief was great when he replied "I sent him word I was a Captain in the United States Army and I intended to remain one"
Let's take a break from posts on this blog about the Civil War and take a look at a movie preview for the new Coen Brothers movie about the folk music scene in New York's Greenwich Village in 1961 just before Bob Dylan arrived. The story line according to IMDB:
Follow a week in the life of a young folk singer as he navigates the Greenwich Village folk scene of 1961. Guitar in tow, huddled against the unforgiving New York winter, he is struggling to make it as a musician against seemingly insurmountable obstacles -- some of them of his own making.
Llewyn Davis is loosely based upon folk singer Dave Van Ronk and incidents in the life as told in his biography" Mayor of MacDougal Street."
“Inside Llewyn Davis” took the Grand Prix prize at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. The Hollywood Reporter says “Inside Llewyn Davis” received a five-minute standing ovation after its Cannes debut last week, and lead actor Oscar Isasc “enjoyed the loudest applause, along with shouts of ‘bravo!’ for his performance.”
The film is scheduled to open in the United States on December 6, 2013. Mark you calendar!
Friday, June 28, 2013
Since Lee's army is spread-out all over southern Pennsylvania and knowing that a battle is near, Lee based upon the spy's report, tonight orderes that his army concentrate at a small town intersected by 10 road like the spokes of a wheel named...... Gettysburg!
It is 6 days till the 4th of July,1863, the 67 anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's DECLORATION OF INDEPENDANCE. Thomas Jefferson and John Adams have been dead for 37 years and the country they founded is fighting a terrible Civil War over the words:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
This same night a collage professor from a small college in Maine is camped out with the unit he leads, named the 20th Maine. Colonel Joshua Chamberlain gave up his professorship in Maine to fight for the Union and to end slavery. He wrote to the Governor of Maine:
"I fear, this war, so costly of blood and treasure, will not cease until men of the North are willing to leave good positions, and sacrifice the dearest personal interests, to rescue our country from desolation, and defend the national existence against treachery."
He has read 'Uncle Tom's Cabin" written by the wife of a fellow professor at Bowdoin Collage and hates slavery and wants to make the words of the Declaration of Independence true. In the days to come he will get his chance! More about him later.
As a sidebar to the Gettysburg Campaign here is a feature story on how the peace Democrats, also known as Copperheads, are greeting Robert E Lees Confederate army during it's invasion of Pennsylvania.
Many Copperheads had long anticipated this moment, thinking that their support of the Confederate cause would be warmly received by the soldiers. This turned out to be the exact opposite; in fact many Copperheads were shunned by the Confederate soldiers. Many area newspapers headlined the "Rebels Snub the Copperheads". Pennsylvania residents were treated poorly by the Confederate soldiers such as one case where a Confederate soldier threatened harm to a woman if she did not cut down a Liberty pole. This was according to reporters "one of the most 'malignant copperheads' in town."
As Confederate Albert Jenkins and his cavalry brigade made their way northward into Pennsylvania, several Copperheads were surprised to see that the Confederate general refused to shake their hands. In one case Jenkins was reported as saying "Lincoln ought to have hung you and the rest of the Copperheads long ago. We would not tolerate such men in the Southern Confederacy. We respect those who are against us in the North much more than the Copperheads." Many Confederate soldiers voiced their opinions to the Copperheads telling them that if they truly supported the South, they should pick up a musket and join the fight. This stunned the Copperheads to their core.(to read more click on the link:
George Meade, a Pennsylvanian who is the commanding the V Corps, Union Army of the Potomac was ordered by President Lincoln to assume command of the entire Army of the Potomac early this morning in Frederick, Maryland. Meade is reported surprised by the change of command order, having previously expressed his lack of interest in the army command. In fact, when an officer from Washington woke him this morning with the order, he assumed he was being arrested for some transgression. He has little knowledge of what Hooker's plans had been or the exact locations of the three Union columns moving throughMaryland to meet the confederate invasion. He has advised Washington he will keep Washington and Baltimore well covered, and if the enemy is checked in his attempt to cross the Susquehanna or if he turns toward Baltimore, to "give him battle."
Thursday, June 27, 2013
There are reports today that General, "Fighting" Joe Hooker, leader of the Union Army of the Potomac has advised President Lincoln that he is resigning because of a dispute over the defense of Harper's Ferry! Meanwhile advanced units of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia passed through Gettysburg last night and are now occupying York , Pennsylvania as part of Lee's invasion of the North and the Union Army of the Potomac is without a leader!
In this hour of crisis President Lincoln has offered the commend to a number of Union generals who have turned him down. There are reports Lincoln has offered the job to Major General John F. Reynolds, but has been turned down. With a major battle looming that could determine the fate of the United States of America , the Union does not have a commanding general to deal with the Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania.
Wednesday, June 26, 2013
covered bridge, and destroyed nearby rails and telegraph lines. He demands $10,000 in goods from the town, but to no avail. Earlier in the day he had a brief series of skirmishes with Pennsylvania state emergency militia and two companies of cavalry.
Early's troops are the point of Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and the rest of Lee's Army is spread across western Maryland and southern Pennsylvania in long snake like columns.
President Lincoln has issued a proclamation calling for 100,000 volunteers from four states to serve a term of six months "to repel the invasion of Pennsylvania." Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin has called for 50,000 volunteers to take arms as volunteer militia; however only 7,000 have responded, and Curtin asked for help from the New York State Militia. Gov. Joel Parker of New Jersey has responded by sending troops to Pennsylvania. The War Department has created the Department of the Susquehanna, commanded by Maj. Gen. Darius N. Couch, to coordinate defensive efforts in Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, Harrisburg, and Philadelphia are considered potential targets and defensive preparations are being made. In Harrisburg, the state government is removing its archives from the town for safekeeping. Thousands of refugees from Maryland and Pennsylvania are fleeing northward and eastward to avoid the oncoming Confederates.
There are reports the Confederate Army has seized some 40 northern African Americans, who are being sent south into slavery.
The Union Army of the Potomac is slowly in pursuit in central Maryland being carful to keep between the invading Confederate Army and Washington D.C.
I got up early this morning after a fitful night of sleep, turned on my computer and fixed a pot of coffee (WITH CAFFEINE) and waited for the NCAA and the SCOTUS to announce their decisions with came out almost at the same time giving me a good case of sensory overload as I monitored my TV ( FOX NEWS/ ABC's Good Morning America), my computer (emails, twitter and Oregon Duck websites) and my iPad too. I did all this while getting ready for work and having breakfast.
Can't disagree with SCOTUS on DOMA and their non decision on Prop 8 in California.
Tuesday, June 25, 2013
Today, June 25,1863, General Fighting Joe Hooker of the Union Army of the Potomac has now started to make a significant pursuit of the Confederates with the bulk of his army upon learning that the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia has crossed the Potomac River. He has ordered the Army of the Potomac to cross into Maryland and concentrate at Middletown (Slocum's XII Corps) and Frederick (the rest of the army, led by Reynolds's advance wing—the I, III, and XI Corps)
Meanwhile there are reports that:
Advanced Confederate troops in E. Rodes' Division (under Ewell) occupied Chambersburg in Pennsylvania and are marching eastward toward York, Pennsylvania.
Thus, long lines of troop both blue and gray are marching through Maryland in an almost parallel course in anticipation of a large battle somewhere in Pennsylvania or possible Maryland. Confederate forces under Lee invading Pennsylvania number approximately 75,000 and the Union forces in pursuit number approximately 100,000.
Monday, June 24, 2013
Sunday, June 23, 2013
Meanwhile , General Hooker has sent cavalry to western and central Maryland to scout out movements of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to see if he has moved in force across the Potomac River into western Maryland near Hagerstown. What with Confederate forces clearing the Shenandoah Valley in northwest Virginia of Northern troops he is concerned Lee may be "invading" the North again as he did late last summer at Antietam also in western Maryland.
There are also reports that Lee has weakened his forced between Hooker and the Confederate Capitol of Richmond. Sources in Hooker's command are theorizing this may be a good time to strike toward Richmond and are drawing up contingency plans.
As a side bar, woman who are camp followers of Hooker's soldiers are getting a new nick name for their profession. Will this be General Hookers lasting legacy?
Saturday, June 22, 2013
In June 1863, Confederate general Robert E. Lee and 75,000 soldiers of the Army of Northern Virginia invaded the North in hopes of relieving pressure on war-torn Virginia and defeating the Union Army of the Potomac guarding Washington D.C. and striking a decisive blow to Northern morale and thus ending the war with the 11 state of the Confederacy to create separate country.
According to Wikipedia:
Shortly after the Army of Northern Virginia won a major victory over the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville (April 30 – May 6, 1863), Robert E. Lee decided upon a second invasion of the North (the first was the unsuccessful Maryland Campaign of September 1862, which ended in the bloody Battle of Antietam). Such a move would upset Federal plans for the summer campaigning season and possibly reduce the pressure on the besieged Confederate garrison at Vicksburg. The invasion would allow the Confederates to live off the bounty of the rich Northern farms while giving war-ravaged Virginia a much-needed rest. In addition, Lee's 75,000-man army could threaten Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, and possibly strengthen the growing peace movement in the North.
By mid-June, the Army of Northern Virginia was poised to cross the Potomac River and enter Maryland. After defeating the Federal garrisons at Winchester and Martinsburg, Ewell's Second Corps began crossing the river on June 15. Hill's and Longstreet's corps followed on June 24 and June 25.
To screen his movements from the Northern Army, Lee kept the Blue Ridge Mountains and it's northern extension "South Mountain" between him and the Union Army around Washington DC. He had his Calvary under Jeb Stewart guard the passes to keep the Union from knowing his movements. His army crossed the Potomac River near Hagerstown Maryland.Jon Anderson of the Army Times gives us a report:
Harrisburg residents are packing into trains and wagons, loaded down with luggage and whatever cherished items they can carry. Government officials in the capital are also preparing to evacuate.
Governor Andrew Curtin has ordered local militia units to defend Pennsylvania's border from “the Rebel Invader.”
Gen. Robert E. Lee’s of Army of Northern Virginia will have to get through Maryland first.
Fresh from their victory in Winchester, Va., Lee’s lead units — including a brigade of cavalry — began crossing the Potomac near Hagerstown yesterday afternoon, now followed by major units from at least one of his three corps.
Friday, June 21, 2013
This should be a fairly quiet summer. No political conventions and no Olympic games. I have some work to do around the house cleaning windows, carpets and paint touch up. I may try and even clean the garage.
Neither of our adult kids will be coming home but we will try and get together in the fall for a football game. More on that later. We have our 38th wedding anniversary and my wife's birthday in August and throughout the summer the anticipation of Oregon Duck Football.
I love this time of year. As a kid growing up in Coos Bay/ North Bend on the Oregon coast we never had a real summer...... it was always cold and windy. We have set up our gazebo on our back deck and have already had several lunches out there. We have already done a lot of yard work. We had fresh bark sprayed and spend a hard weekend spreading pea gravel on the paths in the back and side yards.
Been watching the Summer series on A&E, Longmire season 2 . Hope to see the new Western, "The Lone Ranger" when it opens and have already seen the new "Iron Man" movie.
Now, if only I could find a drive-in theater! Time for ice tea.
Thursday, June 13, 2013
The purpose of the surveillance is enhanced security, a necessary goal to say the least. The price is a now formal and agreed-upon acceptance of the end of the last vestiges of Americans' sense of individual distance and privacy from the government. The price too is a knowledge, based on human experience and held by all but fools and children, that the gleanings of the surveillance state will eventually be used by the mischievous, the malicious and the ignorant in ways the creators of the system did not intend. For all we know that's already happened. But of course we don't know: It's secret. Only the intelligence officials know, and they say everything's A-OK. .......
It is a great irony, and history will marvel at it, that the president most committed to expanding the centrality, power, prerogatives and controls of the federal government is also the president who, through lack of care, arrogance, and an absence of any sense of prudential political boundaries, has done the most in our time to damage trust in government.
"An inside source at the NSA has given ATQ some leaked recordings from the NCAA. We have an exclusive on what punishment for the Ducks is about to be handed down"
Addicted To Quack has a very funny post on former Washington Huskie and current NCAA President Mark Emmert and his dislike for the Ducks!
Mark Emmert aka Dean Wormer: "I hate those guys!"
Saturday, June 08, 2013
Friday, June 07, 2013
“As the author of the Patriot Act, I am extremely troubled by the FBI’s interpretation of this legislation. While I believe the Patriot Act appropriately balanced national security concerns and civil rights, I have always worried about potential abuses. The Bureau’s broad application for phone records was made under the so-called business records provision of the Act. I do not believe the broadly drafted FISA order is consistent with the requirements of the Patriot Act. Seizing phone records of millions of innocent people is excessive and un-American.”
There is no greater supporter of the War on Terrorism than I am. In fact, I even acknowledge we are WAR on terrorism but I also do not trust big government and there must be check on government power and constant vigilance by free men and women to guard our freedom. We must draw a line and make a stand!
No, I don’t have much confidence in this administration. But I don’t have an abundance of confidence in government generally. That’s one of the things I love about America: The default position is to be skeptical of government, no matter who’s in charge.
Thursday, June 06, 2013
"The National Security Agency and the FBI are tapping directly into the central servers of nine leading U.S. Internet companies, extracting audio, video, photographs, e-mails, documents and connection logs that enable analysts to track a person’s movements and contacts over time....
The highly classified program, code-named PRISM, has not been disclosed. publicly before......
The technology companies, which participate knowingly in PRISM operations, include most of the dominant global players of Silicon Valley. They are listed on a roster that bears their logos in order of entry into the program: “Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, PalTalk, AOL, Skype, YouTube, Apple.” PalTalk,......
Firsthand experience with these systems, and horror at their capabilities, is what drove a career intelligence officer to provide PowerPoint slides about PRISM and supporting materials to The Washington Post in order to expose what he believes to be a gross intrusion on privacy. “They quite literally can watch your ideas form as you type,” the officer said."
Wednesday, June 05, 2013
The ACLU issued a press release tonight in response to a news report in the London Guardian newspaper that the National Security Agency (NSA) under President Obama is monitoring the phone call records of millions of American including domestic local calls!
June 5, 2013
Very interesting letter to Attorney General Eric Holder from Democratic Senators Wyden and Udall dated March 15, 2012
Winston Churchill: "The Gathering Storm"